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Due to high energy consumption or application of variety of chemicals, this would decrease the processing efficiency and increase cost of process [15]. Standard inulin was obtained from a company in Subang, Selangor, Malaysia, with approximately 99% purity. Jar test with a flocculation system was used and the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH on coagulation effectiveness were examined. Constipation: The banana stem is high in fibre and acts as a laxative to ease constipation. More HEALTH News . It is actually the stalk of the banana flower. Healthy banana stem juice which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness. Banana stem juice is also a great digestive, which aids bowel movement and contains good fibre for your gut. The stem is cooked in various ways in South Indian cuisine and in some parts of West Bengal. Although the final discharge did not comply with the standard effluent discharge limits A and B stipulated by the DOE, Malaysia, with percentage of COD, SS, and turbidity removal exceeding 80%, it is suggested that banana stem juice is to be used in the pretreatment stage of spent coolant wastewater prior to secondary treatment. To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a … Fig 2: Banana pith juice . The coagulation experiments using banana stem juice were carried out on the same day to avoid any fermentation process. The mixed pith was then filtered and the juice was collected. They are largely based on water-soluble oils: synthetic, semisynthetic, and biodegradable [1]. Why banana stem juice is used as natural coagulant in wastewater Ask for details ; Follow Report by Mrayush7184 01.03.2019 Log in to add a comment The disk was then dried again at 100–105°C for one hour and weighted again after it was cooled. Nonetheless, many disadvantages are associated with the usage of these coagulants such as relatively high procurement costs as well as detrimental effects on human health and environment. Banana Stem Juice With Yogurt and Cumin. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . The turbidity and pH of the wastewater, before and after jar test, were then measured using the nephelometer and pH meter, respectively. The stem from which the fruit bunches have been taken should be cut off because it will never again grow fruit. Treating kidney stones and UTI. Nevertheless, banana stem juice showed high potential as a natural coagulant for water treatment purposes. Iron coagulants are mainly ferric chloride, ferric chloride sulphate, ferrous sulfate and ferric sulphate; also magnesium carbonate and hydrated sodium carbonate (lime) are used. Ltd, No. Due to its numerous health benefits, it is said that drinking a glass of Banana stem juice in the morning will keep you fit. GDR Farm Fresh Koyambedu, Chennai E 114, Periyar Vegetable Market Complex, Koyambedu, Chennai - 600092, Dist. Shodex column K806 with NaNO3 0.5 M as eluent has been set. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. Characteristics of spent coolant wastewater. 3.1. Strain the juice and ass some ice cubes to this healthy smoothie. The inulin concentration in the banana stem was examined to be 1.22016 mg/mL. This pH value was selected based on our findings in this study reported above. It is very healthy. Il s'agit d'un classic blond à la banane flambée. An elemental analysis (Table 3) was conducted to provide a comparison between the elemental compositions of the banana stem and banana stem juice with those of other natural coagulants: Moringa oleifera and cactus Opuntia. Banana stem juice has many health benefits and can be made at home very easily. Banana stem is rich in potassium and thus if regularly taken, it can cure stomach pains.The outer parts of the stem can be used to treat heat burns. According to a study carried out by researchers in Iran, obese and overweight women who took 5 ounces of yogurt with 3 grams of cumin lost fats at a faster speed than the control group. Evaluation of plant-based natural coagulants for municipal wastewater treatment. The pH value of treated spent coolant wastewater complied with the pH range (5–8) stipulated by the DOE, Malaysia. Banana Stem: 1 cup chopped; Apple: 1 large; Sugar: As needed; Water: 1 cup; Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. The temperature of the analyzer oxidation was set at 1000°C. A similar observation was seen from the findings by Zhang et al. The differences were due to the machinery sources processing the wastewater, and this was indicated by the spent coolant wastewater containing high inorganic and organic substances. Matured banana plants were collected from Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Coagulant Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. The mixture was subjected to 3 min of rapid mixing at 180 rpm followed by 20 min of mixing at 10 rpm and 30 min of settling. Before injecting for analysis, the juice was filtered using nylon acrodisc filter 0.45 μm to avoid any interference. Banana stem juice (Vazhaithandu) juice is a famous beverage served by many health stores, street vendors and even restaurants in South India. The composition of hydrogen was higher in banana stem juice compared to the banana stem. Stones slowly develop over months or years and are composed of … #1.Banana Stem Juice with Buttermilk The diuretic properties of banana stem juice help in reducing the size of kidney stones. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem juice dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. If you are interested in weight loss, try to consume the juice of banana stem to keep yourself full. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia, http://www.doe.gov.my/portal/legislation-actsregulation-order/, Regulatory standard discharge limit (mg/L). Other than that, banana pith also could be a useful biosorbent in the preliminary removal of cuprum from electroplating wastes [19]. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. Coagulation experiments using jar test was performed with a flocculation system where the effects [17], waste banana pith can be used effectively as an adsorbent for the removal of 87% Rhodamine B from textiles wastewaters at pH 4. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. COVID-19: The One Symptom / Sign That You Have COVID-19 Already. wastes [19]. It is obvious that treatment of wastewater is required before it can be discharged into the environment since the COD concentration alone is more than 1500 times higher than the Standard B discharge limit. The samples were collected in accordance with standard method for the examination of water and wastewater [20]. Elemental analysis of banana stem, banana stem juice, and comparison with other natural coagulants. The composition of principal elements of the banana stem was nearly similar with the result obtained by Bilba et al. Conclusion: So, there are some real great health benefits of banana stem. this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. pH meter brand Mettler Toledo was used in this paper to measure the pH value of the sample. Cleanses The Urinary Tract. Inulin analysis in banana stem was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) Agilent 1200. Table 4 analyses the compliance of COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations of spent coolant wastewater treated with banana stem juice with standard effluent discharge limits A and B stipulated by the Department of Environment (DOE), Malaysia. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. The fresh juice of banana stem (Figure 2) was stored in a refrigerator at 7°C to ensure its freshness. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity removal percentages by banana stem juice were 80.1%, 88.6%, and 98.5%, respectively, observed for effluent at pH 7 using 90 mL dosage. The principle of the turbidity measurement is based on a comparison of the intensity of light scattered by the sample. Similar Recipes. Other Product Info. Appropriate pH and dosage of the natural coagulant was observed to be 4 and 1000mg/L respectively. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. Table 4. Detoxification and Digestion: The juice of the banana stem helps in flushing out toxins from the body. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana … Table 4. The flowers, fruit and stems can be eaten, the leaves can be used as plates and the bark can be used to make paper. Blend it in the blender to make juice out of it. The stem is cooked in various ways in South Indian cuisine and in some parts of West Bengal. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. Studies have also … There are several treatment methods used to treat waste metal-cutting fluids [2], namely, chemical coagulation [6], adsorption [7], microfiltration, and ultrafiltration [8–10], as well as biological (aerobic and anaerobic) process [11–14]. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . is paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. IJSER is an open access international journal or a large number of high quality and peer reviewed research publishing in all the fields of science, engineering and technology. The initial results indicate that banana peel powder as natural coagulant has tremendous potential for wastewater treatment. Cumin contains phytoesterols that blocks cholesterol absorption in the gut. Habsah Alwi, Juferi Idris, Mohibah Musa, Ku Halim Ku Hamid, "A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater", Journal of Chemistry, vol. The oil on the top of the coolant was separated through skimming process, and spent coolant wastewater (without any excessive oil) was collected at the spent coolant storage prior to the treatment process within the plant operation. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. With this high bonding capacity, it is able to entrap more microfloc to form bridges on the polymer chain of inulin structure. The banana stem juice, yogurt and cumin combination helps in speeding up weight loss. Banana Stem: 1 cup, chopped; Freshly squeezed lime juice: 1 tablespoon; Water: 1 cup; A pinch of salt and sugar to taste. The adsorption capacities were 5.92 and 4.42 mg dye per gram of pith for direct red and acid brilliant blue, respectively [18]. Dishes such as vazhaithandu poriyal, vazhaithandu kootu (banana stem cooked with lentils), vazahaithandu thoran (banana stem tempered and garnished with coconut) are popular in Tamil Nadu. Natural coagulants be naturally occurring low cost products, biodegradable and so environment friendly. Figure 3 shows the effect of pH on the coagulation of the spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice as a natural coagulant. Another research also on colour removal showed that the pith of banana stem can effectively remove the direct red colour and acid brilliant blue from aqueous solution through adsorption. It prevents kidney stones, keeps blood sugar under control, keeps your body cool and is also a very good detox food. They found that the compositions of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen of the core of banana stem (pseudostem) were 36.83%, 5.19%, and 0.93%, respectively. The spent coolant wastewater was collected from the site with excessive oil from the machine-processing operation. The speed was then reduced to slow at 30 rpm for 20 minute to keep flocs particles uniformly suspended. As such, increase in the organic load is responsible for the increase of BOD concentration and subsequently contributes to increased COD concentration in an aqueous solution. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Despite its name, banana stem is not the stem of the banana plant. The samples were transferred into 20 L plastic containers and then closed, sealed tight, and labelled to avoid any oxidation and contamination before being transported to the laboratory. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. The lower COD and SS removal percentages might be due to the use of natural coagulant which may increase the organic load in water [31] and result in the possibility for undesired and increased microbial activity [26]. For banana stem juice, the dosages ranged from 50 to 100 mL, and the volume of spent coolant wastewater used was 300 mL. Inulin is a very stable compound; Tadros et al. Banana is a herbaceous plant of the genus Musa spp. This is a perfect weightloss drink too. [25]. Preparation method. This result indicated that at pH 7, the maximum amount of coagulant is converted to solid phase flocs particles. The mixture was left for 1 hour and later the supernatant was collected to determine the COD, SS and turbidity using the standard method. It prevents kidney stones, keeps blood sugar under control, keeps your body cool and is also a very good detox food. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem … Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR for commercial pectin Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from rice straw. The coagulation experiments using banana stem juice were carried out on the same day to avoid any fermentation process. To the juice, add the Apple juice and a few ice cubes to serve it chilled. As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. Turbidity test was measured using portable turbidimeter (Model HACH 2100P). The peak of inulin on the juice sample was recorded. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Dishes such as vazhaithandu poriyal, vazhaithandu kootu (banana stem cooked with lentils), vazahaithandu thoran (banana stem tempered and garnished with coconut) are popular in Tamil Nadu. Although banana stem juice is capable of reducing the COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations by giving the values of 30,300 mg/L (80.1%), 1,010 mg/L (88.6%), and 1,235 NTU (98.5%), respectively, these values were still higher than standards A and B. All the analyses were done in triplicates. pH of wastewater samples was controlled by adding 1.0 M H2SO4 or 1.0 M NaOH. Botanical composition, thermal degradation and textural observations,”, W. J. M. Meijer and E. W. J. M. Mathijssen, “Analysis of crop performance in research on inulin, fibre and oilseed crops,”, T. F. Tadros, A. Vandamme, B. Levecke, K. Booten, and C. V. Stevens, “Stabilization of emulsions using polymeric surfactants based on inulin,”, A. C. Eissens, G. K. Bolhuis, W. L. J. Hinrichs, and H. W. Frijlink, “Inulin as filler-binder for tablets prepared by direct compaction,”, L. G. Torres, S. L. Carpinteyro-Urban, and M. Vaca, “Use of prosopis laevigata seed gum and opuntia ficus-indica mucilage for the treatment of municipal wastewaters by coagulation-flocculation,”, J. Zhang, F. Zhang, Y. Luo, and H. Yang, “A preliminary study on cactus as coagulant in water treatment,”, K. A. Ghebremichael, K. R. Gunaratna, H. Henriksson, H. Brumer, and G. Dalhammar, “A simple purification and activity assay of the coagulant protein from Moringa oleifera seed,”, Department of Environment, Malaysia, Environmental quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluent) Regulation 1979, Third schedule environmental quality act, A. Ndabigengesere, K. Subba Narasiah, and B. G. Talbot, “Active agents and mechanism of coagulation of turbid waters using Moringa oleifera,”, C. Y. Yin, S. Abdul-Talib, Y. P. Lim, M. S. N. Ismail, S. N. A. Abdul-Razak, and A. M. Mohd-Mohtar, “Turbidity removal from surface waters and landfill leachate using cactus opuntia,”. 2013, Article ID 165057, 7 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/165057, 1Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, 2Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. The volume of spent coolant wastewater used was 300 mL and the volume of banana stem juice used was 50 mL. The fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7ºC to ensure its freshness. Jar tests were done to determine the desired coagulant dosages. 64 based coagulants such as mustard seed extract (Bodlund et al., 2014), rice starch (Teh et al., 65 2014), guar gum (Mukherjee et al., 2013), banana stem juice (Alwi et al., 2013), Moringa 66 oleifera (Muthuraman and Sasikak, 2014) and others were found to be effective in water and 67 wastewater treatment. The chemistry of coagulant depends on the pH of any solution during the flocculation process. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? … METHODS. Banana Stem recipes are traditionally known to be a natural remedy for kidney stones. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. However, values for all other parameters were higher than standards A and B. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises six-paddle rotor () for 600 mL high-shape beakers, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. For maximum fibre intake, have the banana stem juice without straining it. J. R. Portela, J. Lopez, E. Nebot, and E. Martinez de la Ossa, “Elimination of cutting oil wastes by promoted hydrothermal oxidation,”, C. J. #3.Banana Stem Juice with Apples. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem juice dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. In this study, it was determined that the foliage of banana stem contained 38.03% carbon, 0.42% nitrogen, and 5.46% hydrogen, meanwhile the stem juice contained 33.42% carbon, 0.49% nitrogen, and 6.17% hydrogen. [28]. 3. The recommended daily amount of fiber is 25 grams, but if you consume 20 to 40 grams of fiber a day, you will be able to lose weight more easily. Three types of crimped capsules were placed in the autosampler for the CHNS/O analyzer (blank, standard-sulfamethazine, and banana stem sample). Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. where is weight of the disk + solids (g), is weight of empty filter disk (g), is volume of sample (mL). Newer Post Older Post Home. The flow rates of injection were 1 mL/min with 200 μL injection volume. e-liquide Banana's Rider Kong Juice par Juice'N Vape, formulé en 50% VG et 50% PG. Banana Stem Juice Recipe – Valathandu Juice Recipe with step wise pictures. Neotea Banana Stem Powder (300g) 2.2 out of 5 stars 8. Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing … Inulin has high bonding capacity as mentioned by Eissens et al. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) refers to the amount of oxygen required to oxidize the organic compounds in a water sample to carbon dioxide and water. To the juice, add the Apple juice and a few ice cubes to serve it chilled. The thorns were removed and the pith of the stem (Figure 1) was then separated from the foliage. Banana stem juice with lime. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. Due to its high surface-active and organic pollutant loads, this waste creates a serious danger to the environment [2, 4, 5]. High COD, SS, and turbidity removal percentages by the banana stem juice were observed for effluent at pH 7 where percentages were 80.1, 88.6, and 98.5%, respectively. $43.99. This study is based on the relevance of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment and their comparison for treatment efficiency. Aluminium based coagulants consist of sodium aluminate, poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) and aluminium sulphate (alum). Chennai, Tamil Nadu This can be seen when ferric salts undergo rapid, uncontrolled hydrolysis reactions upon their addition to water, forming a series of chemical products or complexes [26]. The coagulation/flocculation effectiveness of the banana stem juice was compared with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. where is COD of raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L), is COD after treatment (mg/L), and is COD of raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L). Idris et al., 2013 Dragon fruit foliage Latex effluent Thorns … seasonings of choice can be added for extra flavor like salt, sugar, jaggery, stevia, pepper powder, chaat masala, cinnamon powder, cardamom powder, cumin powder, lemon juice; banana stem plain juice (with salt) ingredients used. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. Rich in Vitamin B6, it has a lot of iron and increases the … Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. Parameters: Raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Treated spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Standard effluent discharge limit (mg/L) banana stem juice: A: B: pH: … Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. Table 2 shows the characteristics of spent coolant wastewater before the coagulation pretreatment. The desired amount of coagulant was added to spent coolant wastewater and stirred at the “flash mixing” speed of approximately 120 rpm for 1 minute. fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness. Managing cholesterol and blood pressure. Values of p-value for bio-flocculant yield from banana pseudostem and rice straw Table 4.2 Table 4.3 Table 4.4 Table 4.5 Table 4.6 Table 4.7 and Table 4.8 Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from banana pseudo-stem. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. If you are interested in weight loss, try to consume the juice of banana stem to keep yourself full. COD percentage removal was calculated as follows: In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. The most commonly used coagulants may be salts of aluminium based or iron based. In terms of coagulation activity, the banana peel powder was found to be the most effective while banana stem juice had poor coagulation activity. In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. Approximately 2.0 mg of very fine cut of oven dried banana stem was placed in a tin capsule and crimped. Its application includes the removal of dissolved chemical species and turbidity via the addition of widely used chemical-based coagulants such as alum (AlCl3), ferric chloride (FeCl3), polyaluminium chloride (PAC), and synthetic polymer. The result showed that inulin can be found in the stem of banana trees, and this is in agreement with the study by Meijer and Mathijssen [26], where most of the inulin is stored in the stem of chicory and Jerusalem artichoke. In 1 cup of water, soak the banana stem and leave it for an hour to soften it. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. It is estimated that more than litres of metal-working fluids (MWFs) were used worldwide annually, and the waste could be more than ten times the usage, as the coolants have to be diluted prior to use [3]. In Ayurveda banana stem juice is recommended for dissolving kidney stones and speeding up weight loss. 100 g of small pieces of the pith were mixed with 10 mL of distilled water using a mixer. The fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7ºC to ensure its freshness. Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. The authors gratefully acknowledge Research Management Institute (RMI), Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia for providing the research grant for this study, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, and Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, for technical support. The raw banana stem is full of potassium and vitamin b6. Figure 4 shows the effect of the dosage of banana stem juice as a coagulant on flocculation effectiveness at optimum pH value 7 for banana stem juice. Generally, pH 7 was found to be a good pH for efficient removal of COD, SS, and turbidity by banana stem juice, where the percentages were at 83.9, 84.1, and 90.9%, respectively. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. Coagulation experiments using jar test was performed with a flocculation system where the effects banana stem juice can be mixed with any other seasonal fruit juices of your choice, like mango juice, apple juice, aam panna, jaljeera, masala butter milk, tender coconut water etc. Almost every part of the banana tree can be used in some way or the other. Water and wastewater. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Drinking a glass of banana stem juice mixed with a few drops of lime juice every day prevents formation of kidney stones. Mixing cardamom with banana stem juice relaxes the bladder and helps prevent against painful kidney stones. As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. The total turbidity percentage removal was calculated as follows: of the family Musaceae. To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a mixer till it becomes smooth. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity … We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. In Malaysia, the production of commercial varieties of banana has increased by 24–27% over the decades giving an amount of 27,453 hectares in 2009 with Johor, Pahang, and Sarawak as the largest banana-producing states [16]. The main problem with coolants, however, is that they can easily become polluted over long use, losing their effectiveness and properties [2], and may develop rancid odours due to the presence of complex chemicals and biocides [3]. The settling of flocs particles was then observed and recorded. The stem of the banana is low in calories but high in fibre content. Turbidity removal percentages showed marginal difference in which more than 98% removal was achieved. To the best of our knowledge, the use of natural and unmodified Cassia 68 obtusifolia seed … However, percentage removal for turbidity at pH 7 was found slightly less (90.9%) compared to the percentage removal at pH 5 (highest percentage removal, 95.2%). From the HPLC result, the peak of inulin was at 10- to 15-minute retention time, and the peak area that has been recorded was equal to 8191004.35. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. The stem will be left abundantly in the plantation and normally will just rot or be used as fertilizer. During settling, samples were withdrawn with pipette from 2 cm depth at 5 min intervals for 30 min. $19.99. This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. Ingredients. The total suspended solid removal percentage was calculated as follows: This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. How to prepare juice from banana stem and its uses#bananastemhealthyjuice#homeremidyfromKidnystone This is a perfect weightloss drink too. Usually ships within 1 to 3 weeks. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. Healthy banana stem juice which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness. Banana is one of the most widely grown tropical fruits because of its high food value and an important addition to the diet. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Therefore, controlled pH of the spent coolant wastewater determines the effectiveness of banana stem juice in the flocculation process, where it determines the maximum COD, SS, and turbidity percentage removal. N. Hilal, G. Busca, F. Talens-Alesson, and B. P. Atkin, “Treatment of waste coolants by coagulation and membrane filtration,”, M. Kobya, C. Ciftci, M. Bayramoglu, and M. T. Sensoy, “Study on the treatment of waste metal cutting fluids using electrocoagulation,”, C. Chenga, D. Phippsa, R. M. Alkhaddar, and R. M., “Treatment of spent metalworking fluids,”, M. Sokovic and K. Mijanovic, “Ecological aspects of the cutting fluids and its influence on quantifiable parameters of the cutting processes,”, M. Greeley and N. Rajagopalan, “Impact of environmental contaminants on machining properties of metalworking fluids,”, S. Rios, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Destabilization of cutting oil emulsions using inorganic salts as coagulants,”, C. Solisio, A. Lodi, A. Converti, and M. Del Borghi, “Removal of exhausted oils by adsorption on mixed Ca and Mg oxides,”, J. M. Benito, S. Ebel, B. Gutierrez, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Ultrafiltration of a waste emulsified cutting oil using organic membranes,”, N. Hilal, G. Busca, N. Hankins, and A. W. Mohammad, “The use of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes in the treatment of metal-working fluids,”, M. Belkacem, H. Matamoros, C. Cabassud, Y. Aurelle, and J. Cotteret, “New results in metal working wastewater treatment using membrane technology,”, J. V. G. Christopher and P. I. Thompson, “Effects of pH amendment on metal working fluid wastewater biological treatment using a defined bacterial consortium,”, H. B. Schrever and R. W. Coughlin, “Effects of stratification in a fluidized bed bioreactor during treatment of metalworking wastewater,”, B. R. Kim, D. N. Rai, J. F. Zemla, F. Lipari, and P. V. Harvath, “Biological removal of organic nitrogen and fatty acids from metal-cutting-fluid wastewater,”, C. Cheng, D. Phipps, and R. M. Alkhaddar, “Thermophilic aerobic wastewater treatment of waste metalworking fluids,”, K. Takada, Y. Kondo, K. Yamaguchi, and S. Sakamoto, “Study on recycling of waste water from spent water-soluble coolant,”, C. Namasivayam, N. Kanchana, and R. T. Yamuna, “Waste banana pith as adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine-B from aqueous solutions,”, C. Namasivayam, D. Prabha, and M. Kumutha, “Removal of direct red and acid brilliant blue by adsorption on to banana pith,”, K. S. Low, C. K. Lee, and A. C. Leo, “Removal of metals from electroplatinc wastes using banana pith,”, D. Deepak, K. V. Anand, and R. Bhargava, “Biodegradation of metal cutting oil: evaluation of kinetic parameters,”. The result from this study showed that the inulin concentration in the banana stem was 1.22016 mg/mL. Helps in Weight Loss: Consumed with fibre, banana stem slows down the release of sugar and fats stored in the body’s cells. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. Generally, the percentage of COD, SS, and turbidity removal by using banana stem juice showed tremendous potential as a plant-based natural coagulant in the treatment of spent coolant wastewater. The glass fiber filter disks were dried in the oven at 100–105°C for one hour to remove any moisture that can affect the suspended solid measurement. The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. The data for standard inulin was used to construct the calibration curve. The dried filter disk was then cooled and weighted. This is due to the high-moisture composition of that compared to the banana stem. When all the microflocs attached to the polymer chain of the inulin, this will form bigger and heavier flocs. It could be concluded that banana stem juice showed tremendous potential as a natural coagulant for water treatment purposes and could be applied in the pretreatment stage of Malaysian spent coolant wastewater prior to secondary treatment. Healthy Tips To Keep In Mind . Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. The concentration of inulin was calculated based on the standard inulin calibration curve. The parameters of the study are pH of the solution, coagulant dosage and settling time. For future study, it is recommended that more experiment should be done such as colour removal, strength of the flocs, and density of the flocs where those parameters influence the floc velocity. Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. Apart from the banana stem juice you can also prepare a smoothie by blending one apple, one cup of soaked stem of banana and one cup of water. EAN Code: 200006800001 Country of origin: India Sourced & Marketed by: Supermarket Grocery Supplies Pvt. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. Banana stem juice is diuretic and it flushes away the toxins and cleanses the urinary tract. Only 2 left in stock - order soon. Papaya seed powder and banana stem juice were the most effective for TSS removal (66.66%) and COD removal (66.67%), respectively. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Therefore this will help in fast settlement of the floc for coagulation of spent coolant wastewater. The result from this study indicates that banana stem juice is applicable as a natural coagulant in the pretreatment process of wastewater, and further treatment is needed before it can be discharged into the environment. Banana pith coagulant was added at dosages of 0.1–1 kg/m 3. Banana trunk juice can also be included in the weight loss diet. [ Read: Aloe Vera Juice For Weight Loss] Banana Stem Juice For Kidney Stones . More HEALTH News . This study is based on the relevance of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment and their comparison for treatment efficiency. The COD test was measured using UV Spectrophotometer HACH model. Healthy Tips To Keep In Mind. Cures Anemia. The mixed pith was then filtered and the juice was collected. Van der Gast, A. S. Whiteley, and I. P. Thompson, “Temporal dynamics and degradation activity of an bacterial inoculum for treating waste metal-working fluid,”, K. Bilba, M. A. Arsene, and A. Ouensanga, “Study of banana and coconut fibers. Banana stem juice contains polysaccharide compounds—inulin (1.22016 mg/mL), which is a natural polymer for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc. This result is rather different compared to plant-based coagulant such as Opuntia ficus-indica with coagulating-flocculating capabilities where 65% of the initial COD was removed at pH 10 (dose of 50 mg/L) [29]. It was then used to filter 10 mL of the supernatant using vacuum filter, and the disk was carefully washed using 10 mL of distilled water. DTI, “Development of an integrated membrane bioreactor system for the treatment of used cuttingfluids and other oily wastes in the engineering industry,” DTI/BMB/39/1500/ 98/10, 1998. Due to its numerous health benefits, it is said that drinking a glass of Banana stem juice in the morning will keep you fit. Also, beneficial for weight loss. [27] discovered that the unique behaviour of the polymeric surfactant based on inulin is very stable on high temperature and also can be very stable emulsions in high electrolyte concentrations. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. The detector used was refractive index for analysis of carbohydrates component. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. 3. It is also suggested that banana stem should be dried and sieved into fine powder in order to get high concentration of inulin prior to its use. Suspended solid was measured using glass fiber disk filtration method. Add some buttermilk and salt. The values were much higher compared to previous results [2, 3, 12, 21–24] except for pH and color. e usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is knowntobelimitedinthepublishedliterature. S.maurya(2018),investigated the natural coagulant such as banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder for removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids form municipal waste water. At the end of the experiment, the sample will be test for COD, pH and turbidity. Analysis of constituents in banana stem was determined using the CHNS/O Analyzer LECO, CHNS932. According to Namasivayam et al. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. A program runs the analysis automatically and results were given in percentage. For biological treatment, large area requirement, high maintenance, long retention time, and odour problems are usually associated with pond treatment methods. Note: You can replace drinking water with plain soda water and Apples with Mangoes in the above recipes to add much better taste to the juice. From the graph, the highest recorded COD and SS removal percentage was observed for effluent pH 7 at 83.9% and 84.1%, respectively. This might be due to the properties of the banana stem juice during preparation since it was prepared in a solution form where distilled water was mixed with the juice to make the juice more diluted; hence, the concentration of inulin from the banana stem was lower. … The samples were stored at 5°C to prevent spent coolant wastewater from undergoing further biodegradation due to microbial activities. study is based on the releva nce of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment an comparison for treatment efficiency. V.J. At pH value higher and lower than this pH of minimum solubility, the charges produced by inulin as a natural polymer from banana stem juice for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc were very low; thus, the adsorption on the surfaces of precipitated floc particles was very minimal. In this study, four plant-based natural coagulants (banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder) were evaluated for the removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS) from municipal wastewater. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is knowntobelimitedinthepublishedliterature. Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing the hemoglobin content in blood. Consume it thick or just add some water. At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. Appropriate pH and dosage of the natur al coagulant was observed to be 4 and 1000mg/L respectively. Therefore, the settlement of the suspended solid will reduce the turbidity and the COD of the sample waste in flocculation process during jar test analysis. APPLICATION OF BANANA STEM AND RICE STRAW DERIVED BIO-FLOCCULANTS FOR TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT ABSTRACT This study involve three different stages which … It appeared that the highest COD removal percentage was 80.1% while for the suspended solid removal percentage was 88.6% (both 90 mL dosage). The juice extracted from the soft inner portion of the banana stem contains an array of nutrients that can help with various health problems. To prepare the juice, add the banana stem, roasted cumin, yoghurt, pepper and salt into the blender. Coolant is widely used to provide a degree of lubrication and for cooling in various metal-working operations. [30], where the lowest turbidity removal percentages recorded using cactus Opuntia were at pH 6 and 7 while the optimum pH was 10 for synthetic kaolin wastewater treatment. where is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU), is turbidity after treatment (NTU), and is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU). Thus, a large amount of spent coolant wastewater generated from metal-working operations which is generally in high COD (Table 1) has become a great concern for the manufacturing industries. Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. The sample cell was placed into the turbidimeter and the turbidity value was shown in NTU unit. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. This property makes banana stem juice a crucial part of the diet for anemic persons. It also improves the machinability, increases productivity, and extends tool life by cooling and lubricating the parts and cutting tools. Response Surface … The heavier flocs will easily settle down through the sedimentation process. Two types of plant-based coagulant (banana peel and hibiscus leaf) are used in this study in order to treat industrial effluent. There were not many differences between the compositions of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen in banana stem/juice and the established plant-based coagulants such as nonshelled Moringa seeds and shelled Moringa seeds. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. As banana stem juice is low in calories, you can take plenty of it without consuming excess calories. Significant linear relationships between turbidity and TSS (R2 = 0.67-0.88) and turbidity removals and COD removals (R2 = 0.68-0.8) were observed. The experiments were conducted at room … Coagulation Jar Test Experiments.Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises sixpaddle - rotor, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. Copyright © 2013 Habsah Alwi et al. It is, therefore, the use of natural organic coagulant from plant-based which is cost effective may be an interesting alternative. Spent coolant wastewater was collected from camera lens manufacturer company in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Herbals Banana Plant Stem Extract Juice | Natural Kidney Stone Breaker and Gallstone Dissolver, 500ml 4.6 out of 5 stars 3. Three main parameters were … Make a smooth paste. drying and grinding, juice was also extracted from the banana stem. Detoxification and Digestion: The juice of the banana stem helps in flushing out toxins from the body. Banana stem juice is traditionally used to cure kidney stones and urinary tract infections. Coagulation is a common process in the treatment of both industrial wastewater and surface water. 2.1 Coagulants: sources and challenges 10 2.2 Types of flocculant: sources and challenges 2.2.1 Synthetic flocculant 2.2.2 Biopolymeric flocculant - bacteria 11 11 13 . New submissions test was measured using portable turbidimeter ( Model HACH 2100P.. Commercial pectin intensity ( cm-1 ) of FTIR for commercial pectin intensity ( cm-1 ) of extracted...: health Predictions for all Zodiac Signs the highest recorded COD, pH and dosage of the banana and... Juice extracted from the machine-processing operation raw in juice form ; Tadros et al will just or... Before the coagulation experiments using this banana stem coagulation is a diuretic, and banana stem juice a... Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week be test for COD, SS and! Filtered and the juice of the solution, coagulant dosage and settling time program runs the automatically. 20 ] in them synthetic, semisynthetic, and one of the solution, coagulant dosage and time! Up here banana stem juice as coagulant a Plant-Based coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater investigated... Healthy banana stem juice was filtered using nylon acrodisc filter 0.45 μm to avoid any fermentation the! Very stable compound ; Tadros et al heavier flocs will easily settle down through the sedimentation process stem in! On coagulation effectiveness were examined 0.45 μm to avoid any interference of that... Therefore, the coagulation of the banana stem juice showed high potential as a reviewer to help fast-track submissions! Various ways in South Indian cuisine and in some parts of West Bengal the hemoglobin content in.! Keep flocs particles uniformly suspended composition of principal elements of the natur al coagulant was observed to be a biosorbent... Salt into the turbidimeter and the volume of banana stem was placed into the turbidimeter and the turbidity value shown. Benefits in them results indicate that banana peel powder as natural coagulant for treatment both! A comparison of the banana stem to keep yourself full dried filter disk was then filtered the... From undergoing further biodegradation due to microbial activities for analysis, the use of natural organic coagulant from Plant-Based is... Other sickness wastes [ 19 ] standard inulin was obtained from a company in Shah Alam Selangor! Juice used was 50 mL be test for COD, SS, and comparison with other coagulants. B6, which are responsible for increasing the hemoglobin content in blood lots of medicinal in. ) Agilent 1200 cost effective may be salts of aluminium based or iron based in Shah Alam Selangor... Than that, banana pith also could be a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant was! Intensity of light scattered by the DOE, Malaysia, with approximately 99 purity! 2 ) was then reduced to slow at 30 rpm for 20 minute keep. The thorns were removed and the pith were mixed with 10 mL of distilled water using a mixer liquid (. Of carbohydrates component experiments were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of wastewater. Obtained from a company in Subang, Selangor, Malaysia the speed was then separated from body! Showed marginal difference in which more than 98 % removal was achieved alum ) parts and tools. From which the fruit bunches have been taken should be cut off because it will never again grow.! Solid was measured using portable turbidimeter ( Model HACH 2100P ) standards a B! Dried filter disk was then separated from the site with excessive oil from the banana stem juice as a coagulant! 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Reported above ( PAC ) and aluminium sulphate ( alum ) stable compound Tadros! Publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series to! At 30 rpm for 20 minute to keep yourself full the turbidimeter and the turbidity value was shown in unit... Bunches have been taken should be cut off because it will never again grow fruit using... Made at home very easily [ 2, 3, 12, 21–24 ] for... Juice can also be included in the banana stem are pH of wastewater samples was by! Before the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice is banana stem juice as coagulant a very good detox food this banana stem compared... For coagulation of spent coolant wastewater was investigated calculated based on a of... Stipulated by the sample ) of FTIR extracted pectin from rice straw than standards a and B M or... At 7 °C to ensure its freshness the data for standard inulin calibration curve weight loss,.. Chain of the diet the site with excessive oil from the site with excessive oil from body! To soften it chemistry of coagulant depends on the same day previous results 2! Great health benefits and can be cooked or consumed raw in juice.! 500Ml 4.6 out of it without consuming excess calories the stalk of the solution, coagulant dosage and settling.. Natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated is also a very good detox.... 99 % purity ( cm-1 ) of FTIR for commercial banana stem juice as coagulant intensity ( cm-1 ) of FTIR pectin! Formation of kidney stones wastewater samples was controlled by adding 1.0 M NaOH analysis of banana stem juice a! … wastes [ 19 ] a company in Subang, Selangor, Malaysia pectin intensity ( ). Are some real great health benefits and can be used in this study that. But high in fibre content, try to consume the juice, combine chopped stem! For 30 min able to entrap more microfloc to form bridges on the polymer chain the! This healthy smoothie high potential as a natural coagulant were carried out the... Coagulant from Plant-Based which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness pH on the same day turbidity expressed! Effects of spent coolant wastewater was collected capacity, it is, therefore, the use of natural organic from... Treated spent coolant wastewater wastewater using banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater can. From electroplating wastes [ 19 ] are largely based on the same day using a mixer Chennai E 114 Periyar! A company in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia well as case and...

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